ZBP-89 function in colonic stem cells and during butyrate-induced senescence.

Ocadiz-Ruiz R, Photenhauer AL, Hayes MM, Ding L, Fearon ER, Merchant JL. 2017. ZBP-89 function in colonic stem cells and during butyrate-induced senescence. Oncotarget. 8:94330–94344. doi:10.18632/oncotarget.21698.

ZBP-89 () is a Kruppel-type zinc-finger family transcription factor that binds to GC-rich DNA elements. Earlier studies in cell lines demonstrated that ZBP-89 cooperates with Wnt β-catenin signaling by inducing β-catenin gene expression. Since β-catenin levels are normally highest at the crypt base, we examined whether ZBP-89 is required for stem cell maintenance. Lineage-tracing using a transgenic line demonstrated expression in both intestine and colonic stem cells. Deleting the locus in the colon using the transgene, reduced the size and number of polyps formed in the -deleted mice. Since colon polyps form in the presence of butyrate, a short chain fatty acid that suppresses cell growth, we examined the direct effect of butyrate on colon organoid survival. Butyrate induced senescence of colon organoids carrying the deletion, only when was deleted. Using quantitative PCR and chromatin immunoprecipitation, we determined that butyrate treatment of colon cell lines suppressed gene expression, inducing ( ) gene expression. Collectively, mRNA is expressed in CBCs, and is required for stem cell maintenance and colonic transformation. Butyrate induces colonic cell senescence in part through suppression of ZBP-89 gene expression and its subsequent occupancy of the promoter.