Immunotherapy Strategies for Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor.

Arshad J, Costa PA, Barreto-Coelho P, Valdes BN, Trent JC. 2021. Immunotherapy Strategies for Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor. Cancers (Basel). 13. doi:10.3390/cancers13143525.

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are the most common mesenchymal soft tissue sarcoma of the gastrointestinal tract. The management of locally advanced or metastatic unresectable GIST involves detecting KIT, PDGFR, or other molecular alterations targeted by imatinib and other tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The role of immunotherapy in soft tissue sarcomas is growing fast due to multiple clinical and pre-clinical studies with no current standard of care. The potential therapies include cytokine-based therapy, immune checkpoint inhibitors, anti-KIT monoclonal antibodies, bi-specific monoclonal antibodies, and cell-based therapies. Here we provide a comprehensive review of the immunotherapeutic strategies for GIST.